These illustrations are from a book by Philip Henry Gosse (1810–1888), the literal inventor of the (saltwater) aquarium. The book, titled A naturalist’s rambles on the Devonshire coast, is available for download at the Biodiversity Heritage Library. It was published in London in 1853. Source: Biodiversity Heritage Library / BioDiv Flickr License: CC BY 2.0
These illustrations are from a beautiful book about the various fish species in Indonesia, written by Dutch physician and ichthylogist Pieter Bleeker (1819–1878) under the title Atlas ichthyologique des Indes orientales néêrlandaises : publié sous les auspices du gouvernement colonial néêrlandais (Amsterdam, 1862). The Biodiversity Library identifies the book in the public domain. The PDF is available […]
German publisher Friedrich Justin Bertuch (1747—1822) edited the Bilderbuch für Kinder… (“Picturebook for Children”) in 12 volumes between 1790 and 1830. It appeared in monthly installments and aimed to “spread the knowledge of the epochs out before children” (quoted after Wikipedia). It contains beautiful illustrations of animals, plants, minerals, people, as well as technological inventions […]
This masterpiece of scientific illustration was published by German biologist Ernst Haeckel (1834—1919) in 1904. Kunstformen der Natur (“Art Forms of Nature”) consists of 100 lithographs of various organisms, many which were first described by Haeckel himself. The book was highly influential in early 20th-century art.