Dutch explorer and naturalist Robert Jacob Gordon (1743–1795) went on several expeditions in southern Africa. On his travels, he kept detailed and meticulous records of the geology, flora and fauna of the Cape region, as well as observations on the indigenous peoples he encountered. He even spoke “Hottentot” and Xhosa.
His notes and hundreds of sketches about his travels, known as the ‘Gordon Atlas’, were digitized by the Rijksmuseum and are available as public domain.
Images: Public domain, provided by the Rijksmuseum